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tv   BBC World News  PBS  October 6, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations.
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what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> welcome to newsday on the bbc. here are the headlines. >> a threat to the global economy. president obama urges europe to act now to stop the debt crisis spiraling out of control. and the u.n. says nearly 3000 people have died in syria since pro-democracy protests began in march. we have a special report from inside the country. >> the man who changed everything. the work we do the world pays tribute to the life and legacy of apple co-founder steve jobs. >> its 9:00 a.m. here in singapore. >> it's 2:00 a.m. here in london.
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broadcasting to viewers on pbs and around the world, this is newsday. >> new measures have been announced in europe to tackle the threat posed by the debt crisis, stalling economic growth. the european central bank is offering unlimited loans to banks for as much as the gear in order to stave off a possible credit crunch. the bank of england says it will pump another 75 billion pounds into the british economy. >> this was a jean-claude trichet/press conference as the president of the european central bank. retirement celebration it was not. rather, a hard-headed look at mounting problems. interest rates remained at the same, but he signaled concern about slowing economies, even as
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inflation remains above the ecb's targets. >> the government decided to keep the key ecb interest rates unchanged. this confirms our view that inflation is likely to stay above 2% in the months ahead or to decline. conditions are likely to dampen the pace of economic growth in the second half of the year. >> he said the ecb would take measures to lend to banks that might find themselves in difficulty because they have lent to greece or other countries with public finances in trouble. analysts are already concerned at times that banks are increasingly loath to lend, and finding it harder to raise money. >> banks are now really turning the tap off new credit. this would precipitate some very
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negative development for years to come. >> chancellor angela merkel, the heads of the world bank and the international monetary -- monetary fund as well as jean- claude trichet. she urged banks to raise money to make themselves more solid. the consequences of them not doing that and failing, so governments have to step in and bolster them, she said would be much more serious. >> the european central bank is worried about the downside of an increase in unemployment and slowing, perhaps negative growth, even as the eurozone inflation remains at 3%. there is also the fear of how to bolster the bank's. that would mean serious money if you want to tell the markets that whatever they do, the banks will remain safe. the water is getting much chop year. steven evans, bbc news, berlin. >> despite those announcements,
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president obama made a fresh appeal to european leaders to resolve the debt crisis. he says the situation is a significant threat to america's weak recovery and he hopes a clear plan of action will emerge within the next month. >> a recognition by european leaders of the urgency of the situation. nobody is obviously going to be more affected than they will if the situation there spends of control -- spins out of control. there are some technical issues that are working on in terms of help they get enough firepower to let the markets know they are going to be standing behind euro members who may be in a weaker position. but they have to act fast. >> the united nations now estimates that almost 3000
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people have died in syria since pro-democracy protests began in march. there are reports of growing protests in the suburbs of the capital itself. meanwhile, syrian forces have crossed into levitan -- into levitan, raising fears the into lebanon. although a few foreign journalists have been able to get into syria, the bbc did gain permission to visit damascus suburb of duma. >> and activist gave us this footage showing clashes between troops and protesters. they say it has been going on for months. this is why we asked the government for permission for permissionduma, the first place
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in damascus to seek protests. this is our second visit. the first visit, our government escorts stopped us from building. syrian official told us the bomb had been found in the center of duma. they wanted us to see the work of what they call armed gangs. >> yesterday, three officers for trying to dismantle a bomb planted here, but unfortunately the bomb was being undetonated from remote, so the man who was trying to dismantle it with his hands has been split into two pieces. >> why would he kill passerby's? hard to answer. >> as the crowd goes, there were more men shadowing us, talking on mobile phones. at times like this, those who
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don't have a nice thing to say about the government usually do not say anything at all. unexpectedly, one man start speaking. he wants to be heard and seen. he tells us his son was picked up by security forces yesterday. what was your son doing, was he protesting? we were leading the mosque -- leaving the mosque, he says. there was a demonstration outside. we were not at it, but they started shooting to us. we were separated, and i saw him being dragged away. his mother is crying, looking for him. >> we head down the street to the main mosque. we are immediately surrounded by young men. suddenly, it is a protest. their voices carry. within minutes, security is on the way. this is our weapon, they say.
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the camera is our weapon. over to you, chris. i believe the former libyan leader remains in hiding, but he has been speaking out. >> colonel gaddafi has called all libyans to come onto the streets in the millions to resist the nation's interim leaders. the message came as heavy fighting continued between anti- gaddafi forces and those loyal to the ousted leader in the city of sirte. >> remember him? in libya, the war may be nearly over, but there is still no sign of colonel gaddafi, just another audio message broadcast on the syrian tv channel. yet another call to his supporters to take to the streets. colonel? is the elusive purnel >> the latest reports are that
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he is in southern libya and from time to time crosses into niger. to specify even -- where he is for even 10 hours is very difficult. i hope in the coming days we will be able to confirm where the is, in order to conduct our mission properly. >> for now, colonel gaddafi is still on the run. the fighting in libya still is not over. government forces have not been able to take his hometown of sirte. libyans have begun to rebuild since the fall of colonel gaddafi, but until he is captured, until the final few strongholds all, the battle for libya will not be over. >> the pakistani government commission is calling for a doctor accused of helping the cia find osama bin laden to be tried for high treason. he is alleged to have run an immunization program in abbottabad where bin laden was
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found. the doctor was arrested shortly after the u.s. military raid that killed the al qaeda leader in may. tributes have been paid around the world to the apple co- founder, steve jobs, who died from cancer. his iconic products transformed the lives of millions. our technology correspondent reports, he leaves an enormous legacy. >> a classic performance from a man with a sense of theater and a charisma rare in the technology world. these were revolutionary devices. >> i would like to order 4000 lattes to go. just kidding. >> refer real-world for a man around the world credited with changing lives. bill gates already -- bill gates
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says the world rarely sees someone who has the impact steve jobs had. >> steve was very much a one-of- a-kind person. he had tremendous charisma, and he believed it thinks so passionately that you would believe them, too. >> steve jobs, adopted as a baby, and later a college dropout, was always determined to follow his own path. more than 30 years ago, with apple's co-founder, steve wozniak, he set out to bring computers into the home. >> i remember him as always being a very quick mind. all the times we had the sessions about how something should be done in a company, he was almost always right. >> that single-minded drive for perfection made steve jobs a demanding colleague and boss. he persuaded consumers to pay top prices for gadgets like the ipod, the iphone, and the ipad,
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that looked and often worked better than their rivals. when he was forced out of apple for more than a decade, he changed another industry, with pixar. since 2004, he had lived with cancer, and he told students at stanford university that facing death had brought things into focus. >> your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. don't be trapped by dogma, which is living with the results of other people's thinking. don't let the noise of others' opinions drowned out your own inner voice. most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. they somehow already know what you truly want to become. >> steve jobs, a visionary and super power of technology, changed the way we live. >> still to come on the program, face-to-face with north korea's
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flood victims. food shortages threaten the lives of millions. we meet the children most at risk. >> dozens arrested and injured in chile as student protests turned ugly. >> the bbc has said it will cut 2000 jobs and some of its programming to make savings of 20% over the next five years. there have been fears that cuts could hit the water economy. -- the wider economy. the television licensee provides the bbc's main source of income. >> the bbc programs are still popular. its audience is still enormous, but after almost 90 years of continuous expansion, it has now been forced to call a halt. it says it will focus on the most important things it does, and cut back elsewhere. half the cuts will be made behind-the-scenes, but half will
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come from programs. some types of programs will not be cut. , and morede drama time for peak entertainment and journalism. the director general says it has all been designed to protect what is most important to license payer's. among the irresponsibility, paying for the bbc world service. the bbc is selling not just the television center in west london, but also neighboring office buildings. it is moving 1000 staff to this new building. job cuts, changes in terms and conditions will not be popular with staff. >> if the bbc decides to press ahead with cuts that have outlined today and the damage that can be wreaked upon journalism next year,
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frustration across the country is in -- across the corporation is inevitable. >> it warns of these cuts are not made, others will have to be found instead. >> this is newsday on the bbc. president obama says the eurozone debt crisis threatens the u.s. economic recovery. he has urged european leaders to stop the situation spiraling out of control. >> the un says nearly 3000 people have died in syria since pro-democracy protests began in march. >> it is 10 years since the u.s.-led invasion of afghanistan force the taliban from power. the conflict is estimated to have claimed the lives of some
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10,000 civilians and more than 2000 international troops. a former lives near the 8 -- eastern city of heather delisle above -- jalalabad. [speaking for language]
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>> walz on the tenure anniversary of the u.s.-led invasion of afghanistan. let's get more on our top story, the global economy. the co-director of the center for policy research joins us from our studio in washington. we are see the market's rising here in asia, a sign that investors obviously like the new move from the european central bank to help regional banks. how much is this really a quick fix for europe? >> i don't think it is, they are just making it worse there. they are forcing them to adopt measures that will further shrink the economy. there is just no way they can pay that debt. everybody knows that. they have to restructure that
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debt before you are going to have any kind of resolution of the overall financial crisis in europe. >> we know the debt crisis there is serious, but why should those in the u.s. and here in asia care what happens in europe so much? >> some of it is exaggerated. when the administration here says that it is threatening the u.s. recovery, there is some truth to that, in the sense that the fall in the stock markets causes consumers to spend less and reduces investor confidence as well. really, our economy -- we have a very weak economy. private demand collapsed after the bursting of the real estate bubble in this country. it has not recovered enough, and the stimulus we have had was
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maybe one eighth the size of the fall-off in private demand. we have our own problems here. if your resolve their problems tomorrow, we would still be looking at a very weak economy and very high unemployment until government policy really changes and we really have a serious stimulus program. >> week are seeing the european central bank seemingly acting as a substitute for the government. the ecb isthink doing it. the fundamental problem in europe is not its debt. they can restructure the greek debt. the problem is they have policies going in the wrong direction. they are trying to shrink their way out of recession in spain, portugal, and ireland, and now they are squeezing italy and pushing that economy down as well. that is the fundamental problem.
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they are not trying to grope their way out, they are trying to shrink their way out, and that is not going to work. >> we will leave it there. chris, you have disturbing pictures emerging from north korea, showing the effects of food shortages there. >> that is right, and there is growing concern over reports from north korea that suggest that areas hit by heavy flooding earlier this year are severely malnourished. some viewers may find pictures in this report disturbing. >> in some places in north korea, life seems to have just got worse. checks by international medical experts at this orphanage found children who were severely malnourished. look at the color codes on a plastic bracelet. red or orange means they could die without proper help. >> because of the flooding, the
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children are suffering from diarrhea and digestive problems. the flooding is the reason that the malnourished children are not work in -- are now recovering faster. >> in this pediatric hospital, they are treating children with zinc oxide and antiseptic power. they have skin infections, stunted growth, and patchy hair, all signs of existing malnutrition, but now compounded by other problems like intestinal infections. staff said they don't have the drugs to treat them properly. one hospital doctor said admissions were up 75% since the floods, a result of people being forced to live on a restricted diet. there is no way of knowing how much these images represent the water truth of night -- of life in north korea. -- the wider truth of life in
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north korea. this was a tightly restricted visit. but food shortages are already in annual problem there, and the floods this year hickey production areas like this one. the manager at this collective farms said he now expected to harvest just 15% of his maize crop. 6 million people are in urgent need of help. food rations have been cut dramatically and the government's's search for international help has grown more urgent. the suns from north korea can sometimes be hard to read. last month, south korea offered to send blood aid after heavy rains destroyed houses and farmland. it would have been the first time in over a year that government aid had crossed that dividing line, but last week,
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government officials said they were suspending the offer because they had not heard any response from the north. >> more than 100 people have been arrested and 25 police officers injured in the latest student protests in santiago, the capital of chile. another week, another protest. 2011 has become the most politically charged year in chile since the 1980's and the military dictatorship of pin ochet. many of the demonstrations have been peaceful, but not this one. the authorities banned the students from marching past the presidential palace. they tried to march anyway, and this is the result. in all, 132 people arrested at least 30 injured, most of them police officers pelted with bricks and bottles. this didn't have now been
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protesting for four months. they want free education for all -- the students have been protesting for four months. on wednesday, they held five hours of talks with the government, but afterwards, the education minister gave this bleak assessment. >> after hours of conversation and dialogue with the university students, secondary students, and good teachers, we have not made any progress. >> and so battle lines were drawn. many people simply stayed clear of central santiago, knowing there would be trouble. that left a hard core of students to fight it out with police. the violence that all of these protests has become predictable, almost ritualistic. it has cost the country millions of dollars in damage. unless the students and government can find common ground, there is little to suggest it will end soon.
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>> that is all from us in london and singapore. you have been watching tuesday. -- newsday. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us
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get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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